Computer Hardware

Hardware is the internal and external (or peripheral) physical components that a computer needs to function efficiently. It comprises everything that works together within or outside of a laptop or PC. Although hardware structure differs between laptops and PCs because they vary in size, the same core elements are in them.

While they function on both hardware and software, the hardware used will largely determine the speed of any computer system.

The Internal Hardware

All internal hardware of a computer is essential; however, let’s check out a few.

  • Motherboard: This is the crucial printed circuit board of a computer. It allocates power to other components, houses the CPU, and operates as a hub for additional hardware.
  • Central Processing Unit (CPU): The function of the CPU is to process all data from each program your computer runs.
  • Random Access Memory (RAM): The RAM is located in the memory slot of the motherboard, and it’s responsible for storing data.

Other internal hardware includes a video card, solid-state drive (SSD), hard drive (HDD), and more.

The Peripherals

The external hardware includes a monitor, mouse, keyboard, printer, speakers, image scanner, headphones, USB flash drives, and more.

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